Galore International Journal of Applied Sciences and Humanities

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Original Research Article

Year: 2019 | Month: January-March | Volume: 3 | Issue: 1 | Pages: 59-69

Determinant Factors of Asphyxia Neonatorum Risk in Neonates in Regional General Hospitals Biak Numfor District

Lani Rasmi Kurniati1, A.L. Rantetampang2, Bernard Sandjaja3, Anwar Mallongi4

1Magister Program of Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Cenderawasih University, Jayapura.
2,3Lecturer of Master Program in Public Health. Faculty of Public Health, Cenderawasih University, Jayapura
4Environmental Health Department, Faculty of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar

Corresponding Author: Anwar Mallongi


Background: Neonatal asphyxia is a condition where the baby cannot immediately breathe spontaneously and regularly after birth. Asphyxia causes 1 million neonatal deaths every year in the world, whereas in Indonesia, from 57% of infant deaths, 27% of the causes of death are asphyxia. Whereas in Biak Numfor Regency there was an increase in 20.1% of neonatal asphyxia cases in 2013 which increased to 20.8% in 2017. Factors that cause neonatal asphyxia are maternal age, parity, serotinus, anemia, ANC, KPD, prolonged, premature and gemelli delivery.
Objective: To find out the determinants of neonatal asphyxia risk in neonates at Biak Numfor District General Hospital
Research method: Analytical with cross sectional study approach. This research was conducted at Biak Hospital in May to July 2018 with a population of 232 cases and a sample of 147 cases. Data was obtained from the Maternity Room Medical Record and analyzed using the Chi-Square Test and logistic binary regression test.
Results: Factors that influence neonatal asphyxia include maternal age (p = 0.026), parity (p = 0.005), serotinus (p = 0.631), anemia (p = 0.748), Ante Natal care (p = 0.063) , Early rupture of membranes (p = 0.001), prolonged labor (p = 0.082), premature (p = 0.306), gemelli (p = 0.683). Logistic binary regression analysis obtained 3 factors that were dominant with neonatal asphyxia, namely the first order of Early Brokenness with Beta value (0.292), the second was parity with Beta value (0.247), the third order was the age of the mother with Beta value (0.170).

Key words: Neonatorum Asphyxia, Risk Factors, Hospital.

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