Galore International Journal of Applied Sciences and Humanities

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Case Study

Year: 2018 | Month: July-September | Volume: 2 | Issue: 3 | Pages: 17-20

Coinage and Taxation in ‘Tughlaq’

Thiyam Naoba Singh1, Dr. Angom Shyam Singh2

1Assistant Professor of English, Thambal Marik College, Oinam,
Ph.D Regn. No. 80187513042369, Bishnupur-795134, Manipur, India
2Associate Professor, School of Humanities, Mangol Nganbi College, Ningthoukhog, Manipur

Corresponding Author: Thiyam Naoba Singh


Tughlaq is a well know king in Indian history, who ruled India in the 14th century. Karnad’s Tughlaq is known in the Indian history for his wickedness and insane policies than anything else. He has immortalized this character in the play Tughlaq. Tughlaq has the extraordinary character to come on the throne of Delhi. In religion, in philosophy, even in calligraphy, in battle, in war field, in anything we talk about, he seems to have anyone who came before him or after him. Muhammad was, without any doubt, the most educated of all Muslim rulers who ruled in Delhi. Muhammad was actually a brilliant man, with great vision and surprising insight. In fact many historical writers are of the view that he was far ahead of his time, though Barani seems to suggest that Muhammad was not so much ahead of time. Muhammad was a deeply religious man and had learnt Holy Quran by heart. He used to quote verse of the Quran during his conversation. Tughlaq is known for his active interest in experimenting with the coinage. An experiment with his forced currency placed him in the rank of one of the greatest moneyed kings in Indian history though it wasn’t successful in India. Muhammad introduced token currency for the first time in India, modeled after the Chinese example, using brass or copper coin backed by gold or silver coin kept in the treasury is resembled to the present India government. The prime Minister of India band old currency and introduce new currency. Tughlaq, very early in his regime, began to show an interest in the matter of taxation. He exempted the Jiziya tax, a religious tax, Hindu had to pay. Because he wanted to build a powerful nation and without Hindu-Muslim unity it couldn’t have been possible. The Koran sanctions only four taxes. Any tax imposed today is direct tax like water, house tax, electric tax, wealth tax or income tax etc.

Key words: Jiziya, Kalima, Holy koran,Dinar, famine.

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